Nasal Polyps are typically associated with allergic rhinitis, asthma, aspirin allergy, sinus infections, acute and chronic infections. In some cases, a foreign body in the nose or cystic fibrosis are the case, but many times the cause is unknown. The formation of nasal polyps may also precede the development of asthma or sinusitis.
If you suspect that you have nasal polyps, your doctor can usually diagnose them with a nasal endoscope. Your doctor may order additional tests or perform a biopsy of the polyp to ensure that it is not cancerous.
The first treatment for polyps is a nasal corticosteroid spray. In many cases, such treatment can shrink or even eliminate nasal polyps. In other cases, a one-week tapered course of oral corticosteroids such as prednisone may be necessary.
Sometimes nasal polyps are so large and obstructive that oral corticosteroid or nasal sprays are ineffective. When polyps are this large, surgery can be an effective option. Surgical procedures are usually performed endoscopically with a small nasal telescope that removes nasal polyps while preserving normal tissue. These procedures are performed at The Sinus & Nasal Institute of North Florida on an outpatient basis.